Soil-borne Fungi Community of a Major Dumpsite in Bayelsa State, Nigeria
Keywords:Environmental Health, Fungi, Microorganisms, Waste Dumpsite
Fungi play essential role in the soil especially in biodegradation of toxicants. This study investigated the soil-borne fungi diversity of a major waste dumpsite in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Triplicate samples of soil were collected from 6 locations at 50 ft distance apart. The samples were analyzed following standard mycological processes. Results of the fungi population ranged from 6.70 x 103 to 7.27 x 104 CFU/g. Analysis of variance showed significant variations (p=0.017) in the density of the soil-borne fungi across the study locations There was, no statistical difference (p>0.05) in mean values across some locations. A total of 13 fungi genera were identified with Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger and Saccharomyces species constituting the predominant isolates with frequencies of 17.40%, 14.64%, 16.85% and 12.15%, respectively. Other isolates include Penicillium, Fusarium, Mucor, Rhizopus, Cryptococcus, Cladosporium, Pullularia, Alternaria, Microsporium, Candida and Trichoderma species. The interaction between species across study locations ranged from 55.56 to 90.00 with a similarity index above critical level of significance (50%). This indicates that isolates of the dumpsite are similar. Again, most of the isolates are opportunistic pathogens with disease causing propensity especially in immune-compromised individuals. Therefore, there is need for appropriate personal protective gear and appropriate measures when working on dumpsites.
How to cite this article:
Richard G, Izah SC, Sawyer WE. Soil-borne Fungi Community of a Major Dumpsite in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Int J Adv Res MicroBiol Immunol 2020; 2(2): 14-19.
Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Advanced Research in Microbiology and Immunology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
We, the undersigned, give an undertaking to the following effect with regard to our article entitled
________________________________________________________________________________” submitted for publication in (Journal title)________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________Vol.________, Year _________:-
1. The article mentioned above has not been published or submitted to or accepted for publication in any form, in any other journal.
2. We also vouchsafe that the authorship of this article will not be contested by anyone whose name(s) is/are not listed by us here.
3. I/We declare that I/We contributed significantly towards the research study i.e., (a) conception, design and/or analysis and interpretation of data and to (b) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content and on (c) final approval of the version to be published.
4. I/We hereby acknowledge ADRs conflict of interest policy requirement to scrupulously avoid direct and indirect conflicts of interest and, accordingly, hereby agree to promptly inform the editor or editor's designee of any business, commercial, or other proprietary support, relationships, or interests that I/We may have which relate directly or indirectly to the subject of the work.
5. I/We also agree to the authorship of the article in the following sequence:-
Authors' Names (in sequence) Signature of Authors
1. _____________________________________ _____________________________________
2. _____________________________________ _____________________________________
3. _____________________________________ _____________________________________
4. _____________________________________ _____________________________________
5. _____________________________________ _____________________________________
6. _____________________________________ _____________________________________
7. _____________________________________ _____________________________________
8. _____________________________________ _____________________________________
(I). All the authors are required to sign independently in this form in the sequence given above. In case an author has left the institution/ country and whose whereabouts are not known, the senior author may sign on his/ her behalf taking the responsibility.
(ii). No addition/ deletion/ or any change in the sequence of the authorship will be permissible at a later stage, without valid reasons and permission of the Editor.
(iii). If the authorship is contested at any stage, the article will be either returned or will not be
processed for publication till the issue is solved.