Larvicidal Activity of Tetrapleura tetraptera (Schum and Thonn) Taubert (Mimosaceae) extracts against Anopheles gambiae
This study investigated the effects of hot water and ethanolic extracts of Tetrapleura tetraptera fruit against the larvae of Anopheles gambiae. The larvae of Anopheles gambiae used for this bioassay was obtained from the wild. The mosquito was identified and the bioassay was carried out following standard processes. The larvae of Anopheles gambiae was exposed to hot water and ethanolic extracts of Tetrapleura tetraptera fruit for 24 hours. The results showed a statistical increase at p<0.05 in mortality rate in a concentration dependant pattern. Furthermore, the overall LC50 values were 99.57 ppm and 143.07 ppm for ethanolic and hot water extracts of Tetrapleura tetraptera fruit. The values also showed that the ethanolic extracts confer superior larvicidal activity as compared with the hot water extract. From the observations of this study, there is need for further research to be carried out to show the compounds responsible for the larvicidal activities of Tetrapleura tetraptera.
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