Public Health Issues in Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)


  • Dr. Shantilal Lalichand Kantharia Professor & Head, Dept. of Community Medicine, Dr N D Desai Faculty of Medical Science and Research, Dharamsinh Desai University, Nadiad, Gujarat.


Public Health is an evolving discipline with ever increasing parameters.
One of the major threats for development in the twenty-first century for
India is the Non-Communicable Disease (NCD) burden. NCDs with their
effects due to dietary and physical activity patterns, hereditary factors,
smoking and alcohol consumption undermine the social and economic
development and threaten the achievement of overall development


Proceedings of the meeting of General Assembly.

United Nations, New York. 2011; 19-20.

World Health Organization - NCD Country Profiles, 2011.

Kinra S, Bowen LJ, Lyngdoh T. Sociodemographic

patterning of non communicable disease risk factors

in rural India: a cross sectional study. BMJ 2010; 341:


Iyer U, Mathur G, Panchanmiya N, Dhruv S. Risk factor

scenario in an industrial set-up: Need for an effective

screening tool to assess the high-risk group. Indian J

Community Med 2010; 35: 262-266.

Pednekar MS, Gupta R, Gupta PC. Association of Blood

Pressure and Cardiovascular Mortality in India: Mumbai

Cohort Study. Am J Hypertens 2009; 22(10): 1076-1084.

Gupta R, Joshi P, Mohan V, Reddy KS, Yusuf S.

Epidemiology and causation of coronary heart disease

and stroke in India. Heart 2008; 94: 16-26.

Gupta R, Guptha S, Gupta VP, Agrawal A, Gaur K,

Deedwania PC. Twenty Year trends in cardiovascular

risk factors in India and influence of educational status.

European Journal of Preventive Cardiology 2012; 19(6):


Chan JC, Malik V, Jia W et al. Diabetes in Asia:

epidemiology, risk factors, and pathophysiology. JAMA

; 2129-2140.

Stuckler D, Basu S, McKee M. Drivers of inequalities in

Millennium Development Goal progress: A statistical

analysis. PLoS Med 2010; 7: e1000241.

World Economic Forum. Global risks 2011. http://

Ngelgau MM, K aran A, M ahal A. The Economic impact

of Non-communicable Diseases on households in India.

Global Health 2012; 25; 8-9. DOI:10.1186/1744-8603-

-9. Published online April 6, 2011


Cecchini M, Sassi F, Lauer JA et al. Tackling of unhealthy

diets, physical inactivity, and obesity: health eff ects

and cost-eff ectiveness. Lancet 2010; 376: 1775-1784.