Implementation of Basmati Rice IPM Technology among Rice Growers of District Gautam Buddha Nagar, Uttar Pradesh under Farmer Participatory Approach
Keywords:Basmati Rice, Integrated Pest Management, Technologies, Implementation, High Yielding Varieties
Rice is being the staple food and primary source of nourishment for larger part of the human populace assumes a vital part in the Indian economy and employment. Basmati Rice is a long-grain aromatic rice grown in several parts of Indian and Pakistan. India is the leading exporter of the Basmati rice to the global market and cultivated in about 2.0 million hectares. Findings of conducted surveys revealed excessive and injudicious use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers by farmers that aggravated the pest menace, secondary pest outbreaks, residue problems in grains, soil and water, environmental degradation and rejection of many export consignments. Nonetheless, current High Yielding Varieties (HYVs) were created and presented during the mid-1960s which could adapt up to a scope of biotic and abiotic stress. Further, the farmers began facing challenges in production of Basmati rice due to pest problems in Western region of Uttar Pradesh especially Gautam Buddha Nagar, Uttar Pradesh. Numerous pest attack damage estimated up to about 20-50% yield losses. There is significant development in researching new eco-friendly pest management practices by the IPM scientists on farmer field through farmer participatory approach. No doubt, all these technologies really brought out significant increase in productivity in rice. Each technology developed by the scientists in this area had its own contribution as sole and also in combination with different technologies, all technologies, special focus on Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is required as it is the central pole for all the technological developments. Hence, IPM should be treated as a yardstick for the productivity of a crop and a scientific paradigm which is now of global significance. Basmati rice growers of Bambawad district Gautam Buddha Nagar (Uttar Pradesh) are handling pest problems in sustainable manner with the adoption of Basmati Rice IPM practices which had proven worthy and promising IPM practices.
How to cite this article:
Singh RV, Malik M, Sehgal M. Implementation of Basmati Rice IPM Technology among Rice Growers of District Gautam Buddha Nagar, Uttar Pradesh under Farmer Participatory Approach. J Adv Res Agri Sci Tech 2021; 4(2): 1-7.