The Lacuna between R&D and Technological Commercialization of Biofertilizers in South Asian Countries
The study is aimed at explaining the necessity to think of worthy alternatives in the field of agricultural promoters and moreover, the application of the same with proper initiatives and infrastructure. It describes the availability of biofertilizers in South Asian countries, which has an agro-based industry, which employs at least 10% of the total population of the country besides which, it also describes some established and ongoing research proceedings in these particular few countries in the field of biofertilizers. Chemical fertilizer industry has grown largely in these areas due to the overwhelming population in this region and to provide food security to the same, the most easily available productive, fertilizers in the market are the ones with a chemical composition. Though, in larger economies like India and China the setup is in terms of number of manufacturing units but proper marketing of the product still needs a boost. Although government of all the countries have taken significant steps towards making agriculture of the respective countries cleaner and greener by taking up significantly important policies pertinent to biofertilizers and thereby deviating from the regular use of chemical fertilizers. It has been found in many established researches around the globe that the use of chemical fertilizer has long term side effects, affecting both the user who is a producer of agro-products as well as the consumer who is a buyer of the same. In the 21st century, where horizons know no boundaries, it is time for developing nations to take the leap forward in terms of food security and provide every possible support to the organizations that is actively involved in research, in on field applications and the manufacturing biofertilizers. The benefit to cost ratio for biofertilizers is a sustainable one and by application of these products we would be doing good to the environment and would be placing a foundation stone for a secure future. The study done here is an honest effort towards developing a well recited notion of promotion, commercialization and usage of biofertilizers in South Asian region where countries generate about 10-45% of their revenue and bulk portion of their GDP (gross domestic product) through agriculture. The effort is to bring in righteous information of the above mentioned areas into one common platform for all the countries taken into consideration. It would thereby, bring in new dynamics to the field of biofertilizers and would also bring anopportunity to review the current scenario, thereby replacing whatever mordant approach was taken in this particular matter by the people related with this field. Besides new avenues for development of the same can be thought of and the lacuna between R&D and technological commercialization would be reduced to a minimum.
How to cite this article:
Goswami A, Ghosh L, Banerjee R. The Lacuna between R&D and Technological Commercialization of Biofertilizers in South Asian Countries. Int J Adv Res MicroBiol Immunol 2019; 1(1): 25-44.
International monetary fund report 2010-2012.
Kannaiyan S, Kumar S. Azolla Biofertilizer for Sustainable Rice Production. Daya Publishing House, 2005.
Yellow pages India 2011-2012.
DBT/ DST Govt. of India Annual report 2011-2012.
Malakar E, Kalita MC. A perspective towards development and commercialization of potential BGA biofertilizers of Assam, North East India and carrier materials for BGA mass production and inoculum development. Annals of Biological Research 2012; 3(1): 814-28.
Pray CE, Nagarajan L. Innovation and Research by Private Agribusiness in India. IFPRI international food policy research institute Discussion Paper 01181, May 2012.
Ghosg N. Promoting Bio-fertilizers in Indian Agriculture. Institute of Economic Growth.
Agriculture in Iran. Available from: http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture_in_Iran.
Jirjaie M, Fateh E, Aynehband A. Effect of Mycorrhiza and Azospirillum on some germination characteristics
of wheat cultivars. TJEAS 2013: 2216-21.
Habibzadeh F, Sorooshzadeh A, Pirdashti H. A comparison between foliar application and seed inoculation of biofertilizers on canola (Brassica napus L.) grown under waterlogged conditions. AJCS 2012; 6(10): 1435-40.
Jayahery M, Rokhzadi A. Effects of Biofertilizer Application on Phenology and Growth of Sunflower
(Helianthus annuus L.) cultivars. J Basic Appl Sci Res 2011; 1(11): 2336-38.
Naderifar M, Daneshian J. Effect of different nitrogen and biofertilizers effect on growth and yield of Brassica
napus L. IJACS 2012; 4-8: 478-82.
A Summary of Selected Technology Achievements in the Islamic Republic of Iran, Center for Innovation and
Technology Cooperation (CITC), Jul 2012: 28, 40-43.
Fertilizer use by crop in the Islamic Republic of Iran, Food and agriculture organization of the United Nations,
Rome, 2005, Land and Plant Nutrition Management Service, Land and Water Development Division, Chapter
Agriculture I Bangladesh. Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agiculture_in_Bangladesh.
Islam S. Forum for Nuclear cooperation In ASIA (FNCA) Biofertilizer project. Bangladesh Atomic Energy
Commission (BAEEC): 4.
Agriculture in Bangladesh Available from: www. alibaba.com›Chemicals›fertilizer.
Nasiruddin KM. Strategizing Communication in Commercialization of Biotech Crops: 203-205.
Business Potential for Agricultural Biotechnology, Report of the APO Multi-country Study Mission on the Business Potential for Agricultural Biotechnology Products, 22-28 May 2005, Republic of China, 2005: 6, 8.
Forum for Nuclear cooperation In Asia (FNCA) Biofertilizer project Mar 2011; (9): 5, 6.
Agriculture in China. Available from: http:// www.alibaba.com/products/F0/bio_fertilizer/--China.html.
Market report on China biotechnology industries 2009. Italian trade commission office Shanghai, 2009: 17.
Agriculture in Pakistan. Available from: http: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture_in_Pakistan.
Amanullah, Kurd AA, Khan J. Biofertilizer-a possible substitute of fertilizers in production of wheat variety
zardana in Baluchistan. Pakistan J Agric Res 2012; 25(1): 44-49.
Haneef M, Khan SA, Nauman FA. Agriculture perspective and policy, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock
Islamabad, Jan 2004.26. http://www.alibaba.com/products/F0/bio_fertiliz er/--PK.html.
Agriculture in Sri Lanka. Available from: http://enwikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture_in_Sri_Lanka.
Buddhika UVA, Seneviratne G, Abavasekera CL. Biofilmed Biofertilizers for Maize (Zea mays L.): Effect on Plant Growth under Reduced Doses of Chemical Fertilizers. Jaffna University International Research Conference, 2012.
Ranaweera KKDS. Food insecurity in Sri Lankan scenario; causes and remedies. The Journal of Agricultural
Sciences May 2006: 2(2): 12-31.
Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Advanced Research in Microbiology and Immunology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
We, the undersigned, give an undertaking to the following effect with regard to our article entitled
________________________________________________________________________________” submitted for publication in (Journal title)________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________Vol.________, Year _________:-
1. The article mentioned above has not been published or submitted to or accepted for publication in any form, in any other journal.
2. We also vouchsafe that the authorship of this article will not be contested by anyone whose name(s) is/are not listed by us here.
3. I/We declare that I/We contributed significantly towards the research study i.e., (a) conception, design and/or analysis and interpretation of data and to (b) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content and on (c) final approval of the version to be published.
4. I/We hereby acknowledge ADRs conflict of interest policy requirement to scrupulously avoid direct and indirect conflicts of interest and, accordingly, hereby agree to promptly inform the editor or editor's designee of any business, commercial, or other proprietary support, relationships, or interests that I/We may have which relate directly or indirectly to the subject of the work.
5. I/We also agree to the authorship of the article in the following sequence:-
Authors' Names (in sequence) Signature of Authors
1. _____________________________________ _____________________________________
2. _____________________________________ _____________________________________
3. _____________________________________ _____________________________________
4. _____________________________________ _____________________________________
5. _____________________________________ _____________________________________
6. _____________________________________ _____________________________________
7. _____________________________________ _____________________________________
8. _____________________________________ _____________________________________
(I). All the authors are required to sign independently in this form in the sequence given above. In case an author has left the institution/ country and whose whereabouts are not known, the senior author may sign on his/ her behalf taking the responsibility.
(ii). No addition/ deletion/ or any change in the sequence of the authorship will be permissible at a later stage, without valid reasons and permission of the Editor.
(iii). If the authorship is contested at any stage, the article will be either returned or will not be
processed for publication till the issue is solved.