Review on Therapeutic Activity of Pinene (C10H16): An Essential Oil
Pinenes are hydrocarbons, a bicyclic compound having double bond terpenoid. They are generally found in nature in different plant organs. They are the components of essential oil which are aromatic. They are found in 2 isomers i.e. alpha and beta-pinene which are extracted from plants by distillation. Pinenes are showing various therapeutics effects
like anti-allergic, antioxidants, anti-schizophrenia, anti-inflammatory and hypoglycaemic etc. The common sources of pinenes are pine tree, ajwain plant (Trachyspermum ammi), and also in lime fruits peel. The obtained pinenes are further analyzed molecular formula and molecular weight also. IUPAC name of alpha-pinene is 2,6,6-Trimethylbicyclo [3.1.1.]hept-2-ene whereas molecular formula of alpha-pinene is C10H16 and its molecular weight is 136.23. Similarly the IUPAC name of beta-pinene is 6,6-Dimethyl-2-methylenebicyclo [3.1.1] heptane and its molecular weight and molecular formula are C10H16 and 136.23 respectively. The most common things between alpha as well as beta pinenes are that they both are bicyclic compounds, contains the same molecular formula and molecular mass. Only the positions are different from their arrangements. Thus from the given data, it can be concluded that they can be used against a wide variety of diseases.
How to cite this article: Joshi AR, Sharma UR, Samani K et al. Review on Therapeutic Activity of Pinene (C10H16): An Essential Oil. Int J Adv Res Pharm Edu 2020; 2(1): 28-33.